Maryam Mirzakhani, an Iranian maths professor at Stanford University in California, has been named the first female winner of the Fields Medal. Mirzakhani won the prize for her "outstanding contributions to the dynamics and geometry of Riemann surfaces and their moduli spaces". The prize, worth £8,000, is awarded to exceptional talents under the age of 40 once every four years by the International Mathematical Union. Between two and four prizes are announced each time.
Other 2014 Fields Medal awardees are: Artur Avila “for his profound contributions to dynamical systems theory, which have changed the face of the field, using the powerful idea of renormalization as a unifying principle”; Manjul Bhargaval “for developing powerful new methods in the geometry of numbers, which he applied to count rings of small rank and to bound the average rank of elliptic curves”, and Martin Hairer, “for his outstanding contributions to the theory of stochastic partial differential equations, and in particular for the creation of a theory of regularity structures for such equations”.
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